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Musical Instruments of India  
Musical Instruments of India
  India is a country of diversifies languages, culture, religions and traditions. There no country in the world is of this special nature. Indian musical instruments are also diverse in nature.

Indian musical instruments are evolved over a long period of time. Each instrument is special in nature and has its own history and evolution phases. In a culture's early stages, artifacts, musical Instruments, and lifestyles are simple and basic in nature. In earlier days all these instruments were very simple and were not capable of producing many range of octaves. They use to produce only the basic rhythm. As a society progresses, the demands made on musical instruments rise. Thus, most Indian instruments - although having started in simple forms because of a
long period of evolution - have now become exquisite instruments. Now they are capable of producing a varied pitch and range of octaves. Tabla started just as a plain drum. Below is a list of some Indian musical instruments that have gained popularity and acceptance worldwide.

Western Musical Instruments

The piano is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. It is widely known as one of the most popular instruments in the world. Widely used in Classical music for solo performances, ensemble use, chamber music, and accompaniment, the piano is also very popular as an aid to composing and rehearsal. Although not portable and often expensive, the piano's versatility and ubiquity have made it one of the world's most familiar musical instruments. Pressing a key on the piano's keyboard causes a felt-covered hammer to strike steel strings. The hammers rebound, allowing the strings to continue vibrating at their resonant frequency.[1] These vibrations are transmitted through a bridge to a sounding board that couples the acoustic energy to the air so that it can be heard as sound. When the key is released, a damper stops the string's vibration. See the article on Piano key frequencies for a picture of the piano keyboard and the location of middle-C. According to the Hornbostel-Sachsmethod of music classification, pianos are grouped with chordophones.


The guitar is a plucked string instrument, played either with fingers or a pick. The guitar consists of a body with a rigid neck to which the strings, generally six in number but sometimes more, are attached. Guitars are traditionally constructed of various woods and strung with animal gut or, more recently, with either nylon or steel strings. Some modern guitars are made of polycarbonate materials. Guitars are made and repaired by luthiers. There are two primary families of guitars: acoustic and electric.

Acoustic guitars (and similar instruments) with hollow bodies, have been in use for over a thousand years. There are three main types of modern acoustic guitar: the classical guitar (nylon-string guitar), the steel-string acoustic guitar, and the arch top guitar. The tone of an acoustic guitar is produced by the vibration of the strings, which is amplified by the body of the guitar, which acts as a resonating chamber. The classical guitar is often played as a solo instrument using a comprehensive fingerpicking technique.

Famous instrumentalists
Zakir Hussain
G. Ramakrishnan
Ali Akbar Khan
Hariprasad Churasiaya
Kadri Gopalnath
Ustad Allarakha
Pandit Ravi Shankar
Ustad Bismillah Khan Sahib
Pandit R K Bijapure Maha Meru
N. Muralikrishnan
L. Subramaniam
art and culture
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