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Ragas and talas
 
 
Carnatic music  
Carnatic music
  Carnatic music is one of the oldest systems of music in the world. Carnatic music is a very complex system of music that requires much thought, both artistically and technically. IT is based on Ragas.The basis of Carnatic music is the system of ragas (melodic scales) and talas (rhythmic cycles). There are seven rhythmic cycles and 72 fundamental ragas. They are Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Da, Ni. These are abbreviations of the real names of swaras which are Shadjam, Rishabham, Gandharam, Madhyamam, Panchamam, Dhaivatam and Nishaadam. All other ragas are considered to have originated from these. An elaborate pattern exists for identifying these scales, known as the 72 Melakarta Raagas. Tyagaraja, Muthuswami Dikshitar and Shyama Shastri, the three saint composers of the 19th century, have composed thousands of krithis that remain fresh among musicians and rasikas. The most important specialty of Karnatic music is its highly devotional element. The concept of the compositions are set entirely against a devotional outline.
 
 
 
 
     
 
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